There is a global trend of a warming atmosphere. The main reason for this warming is that more heat is captured by the atmosphere than there is released. This heat has 2 sources: new heat through sunlight reaching the earth, and the release of old stored heat through burning of fossil fuels (coals, oil and natural gas, which are all products of fossilized plant material).
Trees are beneficial for the climate thanks to the carbon they absorb. With up to 50% of a tree’s biomass consisting of carbon, trees are ideally suited to reduce carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. In order to curb climate change, just increasing the carbon storage capacity may not be enough.
Forests are critical to rainfall and inextricably connected to the hydrological cycle. The degree to which forests, deforestation, and reforestation can drive, remove and restore the potential for rainfall are factors of critical importance for consideration in forest preservation and restoration program
Trees contribute to the forming of clouds in two ways:
First of all, through their roots, they absorb water from the ground water, which is subsequently evaporated through the leaves. The increased amount of water in the air directly can contribute to an increase of clouds. Secondly, with the evaporated water, small organic particles are released into the sky. These particles can play an important role in forming clouds in their role as condensation nuclei.
When thinking of reforestation, people often assume this land is lost for agricultural production. However, trees provide us with a lot more than most people realize. Trees provide us with many by-products, ranging from fruit and nuts to lumber. In order to fully benefit from the services that a forest can provide forests should be planted in a clever way. This is made possible by using permaculture, which combines modern scientific insights with traditional wisdom. This way we can use all that nature has to offer and balance the needs of the environment, local populations and biodiversity.
Finally, forests play a larger role for the world than being a linking pin in the water cycle and providing us with food and building materials. As a whole, forests provide a home to many animal and plant species. Over the last century we have seen a significant reduction in biodiversity worldwide. The fragmentation of forested land is a direct cause of this.